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Battle of Horseshoe Bend

On March 27, 1814 General Andrew Jackson with troops from the 39th US Infantry and the Tennessee Militia, aided by Upper Creek and Cherokee Indian allies, defeated Chief Menawa and the Lower, or Red Stick, Creeks warriors. The Red Sticks fought behind a large wooden barricade they had built across a peninsula formed by the "horseshoe" shaped bend of the Tallapoosa River. This was the final battle of the Creek War of 1813-14 and was part of the larger, War of 1812. It resulted in the largest loss of life by Native Americans in conflict with US troops. Over 800 Creeks lost their life defending their way of life. The Creeks were then forced to give up most of their lands, thus opening large parts of Alabama and Georgia to settlement. Victory here brought national fame to Andrew Jackson for the first time and is considered his first stepping stone to the Presidency.